We might not realize the significance of our oral health until the problems become severe. Paying close attention to your oral health would be in your best interest. You should consult a dentist in Rutherford, NJ if you face any dental problems. 

Apart from paying close attention to oral health, it would be most helpful for you to be aware of common dental problems. Being familiar with such problems can help you identify the latter and prevent it from becoming severe. Also, one must not hesitate to go to the dentist if they encounter the slightest issue in oral health. 

  • Gum disease

Gum disease is one of the most common dental problems that you must know about. Gingivitis can be an early sign of gum or periodontal disease. Gum disease is generally a bacterial infection that is caused due to plaque buildup in between gums. The main reason behind gum disease is poor oral hygiene. Lacking or poor brushing techniques can increase the chances of gum disease. Other risk factors for gum disease include the use of tobacco, pregnancy, or diabetes. 

  • Tooth decay 

Tooth decay or dental caries. Unfortunately, most people are bound to experience tooth decay in their life. Tooth decay can occur when bacteria are formed in the form of plaque. Plaque usually builds up on the surface of teeth. Plaque or bacteria can produce acids that could permanently damage the enamel or the outer layer of the tooth. As a result, the breakdown of the tooth can lead to cavities or holes in one’s teeth. You might experience bad breath. 

  • Sensitive teeth 

You might experience sensitive teeth when consuming hot or cold foods and drinks. Sensitive teeth are a result of enamel being worn away and the dentin being exposed. The dentin in our mouth has tubes that lead to a deeper nerve inside the tooth. Hot or cold things can go along the tubes to the end of the nerve. As a result, you will experience intense pain. 

  • Dry mouth

Dry mouth can be contracted by anyone irrespective of age group. Although, dry mouth is common in the elderly. The major causes behind include cancer treatments, diabetes, nerve damage, and salivary gland disease. AIDS or HIV can also cause the problem of dry mouth. The most effective way to treat dry mouth is by drinking sips of water throughout the day. It would be most helpful to avoid tobacco, caffeine, alcohol, and sweets to prevent dry mouth.