Back pain is a common condition that affects many people. It can cause severe discomfort and make it difficult to carry on with daily activities. The pain can be caused by a variety of issues, including injury or degenerative conditions like osteoarthritis. This article will help you understand some of the more common causes of lower back pain and how to treat each one.

Here are the top 8 most common causes of lower back aches:

Sciatica:

Sciatica is a condition in which pain radiates from the lower back down the leg, and it affects millions of Americans every year. It’s caused by compression or irritation of the sciatic nerve, which runs from your lower back down through your buttock to your foot. Sciatica can be caused by any number of things, including injury, arthritis, or a herniated disk (when one of the disks that cushions your spine bulges out).

Spinal Stenosis:

Spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the spinal canal that can be caused by arthritis, or by a bulging disc pressing against the spinal cord. Symptoms include pain, numbness or tingling in the legs. Treatment options include surgery and medication.

Failed Back Syndrome:

Failed Back Syndrome is a common cause of lower back pain. It’s a condition where the muscles in the back are so tight that they pull on the spine and create pain. It can be caused by stress, poor posture, or lack of exercise.

Herniated Disk:

A herniated disk is a bulge in a disk that can press on the spinal cord or nerve roots. Herniated disks are often caused by trauma, but they can also be a result of normal wear and tear over time.

The most common symptoms are pain, numbness, weakness, and tingling in your legs or arms. If you experience these symptoms in one side of your body only (rather than both sides evenly), it might mean that you have sciatica—the enlarged spinal nerve root is pressing on the sciatic nerve as it exits the spine.

Muscle Strain:

Muscle strain is a common cause of lower back pain. Muscle strains occur when you overuse or overstretch your muscles, usually from lifting something too heavy or doing a repetitive activity like typing. Muscle strains can also be caused by twisting at the wrong angle, which happens often when you’re trying to lift something while also turning to see if anyone’s watching you.

If you have muscle strain, you’ll feel pain and tenderness in the affected muscle as it swells up and gets tight. You might also notice that it hurts to put pressure on the area where your muscle is strained—like sitting down on a chair with no one else around!

Fractured Vertebrae:

Fractured vertebrae are a type of injury that occurs when your spine is subjected to sudden trauma. It can happen because of an accident, such as falling off your bike or being hit by a car. It can also happen after surgery if bones were not put back in place properly during the operation.

In some cases, fractured vertebrae occur because of osteoporosis, which weakens the bones and makes them more likely to break. In other cases, it’s caused by a genetic disorder called Paget disease that makes your bones softer than average.

Osteoporosis:

Osteoporosis is a disease that causes bones to become weak and more likely to break. It can affect all bones, but most often affects the hip, spine, and wrist. It can also cause vertebral compression fractures in the lower back.

Osteoporosis is diagnosed when you have a low bone mineral density (BMD) score on an X-ray or dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scan. You may also be diagnosed with osteoporosis if you have an increased risk of fracture based on other risk factors such as previous fragility fractures or low body weight.

It’s thought that osteoporosis develops due to a combination of factors including:

  • Lack of calcium or vitamin D; these nutrients are important for building muscle strength and keeping bones healthy
  • Inactivity – this reduces muscle strength which helps protect against falls and broken bones

Spondylolisthesis:

Spondylolisthesis is the most common cause of lower back pain in young adults. It occurs when one vertebra slips out of place. It can also cause sciatica, which is a symptom of nerve pain that runs down the leg along the sciatic nerve.

Conclusion

In the end line, there are many causes of lower back pain such as bursitis, osteoporosis, sciatica and spondylolisthesis. However, if you experience pain in your lower back, it is important to consult with a doctor or other health professional for proper diagnosis and treatment.